code & config

a pool of code snippets and configs for debian based systems.

first python steps with argparser

my first python script - just a proof of concept to parse parameter


import argparse
import os

argp = argparse.ArgumentParser(description="ping desired hostname / ip as often you want",epilog="just a proof of concept...")
argp.add_argument('-H','--host',help='target hostname / ip',required=True)
argp.add_argument('-C','--count',help='how many pings',default=2)
args = argp.parse_args()

os.system("ping -c " + str(args.count) + " " +

so you get a nice help message and usage output

[root@host] ~ # ./
usage: [-h] -H HOSTNAME [-C COUNT] error: argument -H/--hostname is required

[root@host] ~ # ./ -h
usage: [-h] -H HOSTNAME [-C COUNT]

ping desired hostname / ip as often you want

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -H HOSTNAME, --hostname HOSTNAME
                        target hostname / ip
  -C COUNT, --count COUNT
                        how many pings

just a proof of concept...

[root@host] ~ #

deactivate touchpad on an Lenovo laptop

to deactivate a touchpad on a Lenovo laptop just run the following script


# get ID from Touchpad
ID=$(xinput list | grep TouchPad | awk '{ print $6 }' | awk -F= '{ print $2 }')

# deactivate the Touchpad
xinput set-prop ${ID} "Device Enabled" 0

if [ $? != 0 ]; then
  echo "[FAIL] TouchPad is still active!"
  exit 1
  echo "[ok] TouchPad is deactivated!"
exit 0

RasPi Hardware Random Number Generator

the raspberry pi comes with a built in random number generator chip. to activate the chip and use it as your default random-source, just follow the few steps:

  • add the line ''bcm2708_rng'' to /etc/modules
  • activate the device and install a toolset which alows you to use random numers systemwide.
  • change the config ''/etc/default/rng-tools'' AND restart the service.

this little script will help you

echo "bcm2708_rng" >> /etc/modules
apt-get update
apt-get install -y rng-tools
sed -i 's/\#HRNGDEVICE\=\/dev\/null/HRNGDEVICE=\/dev\/hwrng/g' /etc/default/rng-tools
/etc/init.d/rng-tools restart

Timelaps with RasPi-Cam

with a camera for your raspberry pi, you simple make pictures with raspistill -o name.jpg So why not put this in a loop and make a timelaps video?


# bash-script for raspberry pi with camera to make time laps photos
# need to install mathematic-library bc! "apt-get update && apt-get install bc"
# to put the pictures together to a movie I use iMovie...

log_date="$( date +%Y%m%d-%H%M )"

log() {
    echo "$(date +%Y.%m.%d-%H:%M:%S)" "$1" >> ${log_file};
    echo $1

read -p "in one word, why?: " why

if [ ! -d $pic_dir ]; then
    echo "[FAIL] mountpoint does not exist! EXIT..."
    exit 1
    if [ ! -d $dest ]; then
        echo "[ok]"
        echo "[FAIL] reason already exists! EXIT..."
        exit 1

read -p "how long would you like to capture? (min): " cap_time
echo "checking space on ${pic_dir}..."

pic_max=$(expr $cap_time \* 6)
pic_space=$(bc <<< "$pic_max*2.9" | awk -F'.' '{ print $1 }')
space_need=$(bc <<< "$pic_max*2.9*1024" | awk -F'.' '{ print $1 }')
space_left=$(df ${pic_dir} | grep ^/ | awk '{ print $4 }')

if [[ ${space_left} < ${space_need} ]]; then
    echo "[ok]"
    echo "creating directory ${why}"
    /bin/mkdir ${dest}
    if [ "$?" -ne "0" ]; then
        echo "[FAIL] could not create ${dest}! EXIT..."
        exit 1
        echo "[ok] logfile will be written to ${log_file}"
    echo "[FAIL] not enough space on device! EXIT..."
    exit 1

log "START captureing Timelaps ${why}"
log "${pic_max} files will be created as: ${dest}[xx].jpg"
log "${pic_space} MB space is needed..."

for i in $(eval echo "{1..$pic_max}"); do
    log "";
    sleep 4
    log "takeing picture number: $i"
    raspistill -o ${dest}${i}.jpg
    log "<----------------------------->"


exit 0

How to use "mod_auth_dbd" and "mod_auth_form" with apache 2.4 on debian jessie

first you need to install some packages:

apt-get install apache2 apache2-utils mysql-server
apt-get install libaprutil1-dbd-mysql
create mysql-user: authtest with DB authtest and add table:
CREATE TABLE `password` (
`id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
`username` varchar(255) default NULL,
`password` varchar(255) default NULL,
create user and pass for authentication and add to table:
htpasswd -bns User pass
INSERT INTO `password` (`username`, `password`) VALUES('User', '{SHA}nU4eI71bcnBGqeO0t9tXvY1u5oQ=');
create /etc/apache2/conf-available/dbd_mysql.conf:
## mod_dbd configuration
DBDriver mysql
DBDParams "dbname=authtest user=authtest pass=foobar"
DBDMin 4
DBDKeep 8
DBDMax 20
DBDExptime 300
modify /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf:
## protected directory

    AuthName "You Must Login"
    AuthType Basic
    AuthBasicProvider dbd
    AuthDBDUserPWQuery "SELECT password AS password FROM password WHERE username = %s"
    Require valid-user

load needed modules and restart apache:
a2enmod dbd
a2enmod authn_dbd
a2enconf dbd_mysql

service apache2 restart

extend with "mod_auth_form":

to use a self-written form on your webpage instead of the buit-in Browser Pop-Up to insert credentials, you need some tweaking: edit config "/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf":

    AuthName "DBD-FORM"
    AuthType form
    AuthFormProvider dbd
    Session On
    SessionCookieName session path=/
    ErrorDocument 401 /login.html
    AuthDBDUserPWQuery "SELECT password AS password FROM password WHERE username = %s"
    require valid-user

build a page with forms "login.html":
enable needed modules and restart apache:
a2enmod authn_core
a2enmod auth_form
a2enmod auth_request
a2enmod auth_requests
a2enmod request
a2enmod session
a2enmod session_cookie
service apache2 restart

Windows batch

Delete a directory inside the Mozilla profile for all users.

@echo off


setlocal enabledelayedexpansion
for /d %%u in ("C:\Users\*") do (
	set FFProfDir=%%u\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles
	for /D %%a in ("!FFProfDir!\*") do (
		if exist "%%a\extensions\$somefolder" rmdir /s /q "%%a\extensions\$somefolder"